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What is Balloon angioplasty and risk

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 BALLOON ANGIOPLASTY and Risk(Balloon angioplasty cost)  Balloon angioplasty cost What is balloon angioplasty? Balloon angioplasty or percutaneous coronary intervention  (PCI) is a non-surgical procedure that employs percutaneous insertion and manipulation of a balloon catheter into the occluded coronary artery. The balloon is inflated to dilate the stenotic artery which causes endothelial damage, plaque fracture, medial dissection and haemorrhage in the affected arterial wall. PCI is accompanied with insertion of coronary stents in the blocked coronaries with a success rate of symptoms in over 95% cases. However, case selection for PCI is important and major indications are 2 or 3 vessel block but blockage of left main coronary is a contraindication for PCI. Unstable angioplasty may be associated with acute coronary syndromes. PCI is followed by administration of anti-platelet (oral aspirin) and antithrombin therapy to avoid occurrence of coronary thrombosis.  Recurrent stenosis after

Weight gain shakes - Gain weight in 1 month

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  weight gain shakes:  how to gain weight fast in 1 month: skiny to fit The reason behind low weight or underweight is the high metabolic rate of the body. If your metabolism is high, then you have low weight, and if you have a low metabolic rate then you have gain weight. Weight gain shakes What is metabolic rate?  Metabolic rate is the energy required by your body at rest for normal body processes like breathing, digestive system function, the beating of heart, etc.  Weight gain shakes The Best weight gain shakes are banana shake mixed with some other ingredients or nutrients. It provides you a lot of energy other than your daily maintenance calories, which helps you to gain weight fast. Below is the explanation of weight gain shakes with their nutritional value and energy chart. Weight gain shakes ingredients  1. Two Banana  2. Peanut butter  3. Normal butter 4. Sugar as your taste 5. 300 ml full cream milk 6. Almonds 7. Walnuts 8. And a grinder. How to make weight gain shakes? 1.Cu

Acute & Chronic Cholecystitis Pathology, Symptoms and Treatment

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Cholecystitis:Acute and Chronic cholecystitis(gallbladder inflammation) Cholecystitis or inflammation of the gallbladder may be acute, chronic, or acute superimposed on chronic. Though chronic cholecystitis is more common, acute cholecystitis is a surgical emergency. Acute and chronic cholecystitis ACUTE CHOLECYSTITIS In many ways, acute cholecystitis is similar to acute appendicitis.  The condition usually begins with obstruction, followed  by infection later.   Based on the initiating mechanisms,  acute cholecystitis occurs in two types of situations—acute  calculous and acute acalculous cholecystitis.  Acute calculous cholecystitis In 90% of cases, acute cholecystitis is caused by an obstruction in the neck of the gallbladder or in the cystic duct by a gallstone. The commonest location of the impaction of a gallstone is in Hartmann’s pouch. Obstruction results in distension of the gallbladder followed by acute inflammation which is initially due to chemical irritation. Later, howev

Meningitis: Viral | Bacterial meningitis|sign|causes| Pathogenesis

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  Meningitis: Viral meningitis: Bacterial meningitis-causes symptoms signs Treatment Medicines/drugs  Meningitis:Viral meningitis |Bacterial meningitis MENINGITIS Meningitis is an inflammatory involvement of the meninges. Meningitis may involve the dura called Pachymeningitis, or the leptomeninges (pia-arachnoid) termed leptomeningitis. The latter is far more common, and unless otherwise specified, meningitis would mean leptomeningitis. Pachymeningitis is invariably an extension of the inflammation from chronic suppurative otitis media or from fracture of the skull. An extradural abscess may form by suppuration between the bone and dura. Further spread of infection may penetrate the dura and form a subdural abscess. Other effects of pachymeningitis are localized or generalized leptomeningitis and cerebral abscess. Leptomeningitis, commonly called meningitis, is usually the result of infection but infrequently chemical meningitis and carcinomatous meningitis by infiltration of the subar

Expiry date- Can I use expired medicine or Tablet?

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  Expiry date- How long can you take medicine after the expiration date? Expiry date and Best before date means What is expiry date and manufacturing date Packaging date? EXPIRY DATE OF PHARMACEUTICALS OR MEDICINES It is a legal requirement that all pharmaceutical products must carry the date of manufacture and date of expiry on their label. The period between the two dates is called the ‘life period’ or ‘shelf-life’ of the drug. Under specified storage conditions, the product is expected to remain stable (retain >95% potency) during this period. In India , the schedule P (Rule 96) of Drugs and Cosmetics Act (1940) specifies the life period (mostly 1–5 years) of drugs and the conditions of storage. The expiry of other medicines has to be specified by the manufacturer, but cannot exceed 5 years unless permitted by the licensing authority based on satisfactory stability proof. The shelf-life of medicine is determined by real-time stability studies or by extrapolation from accelerated

Atherosclerosis-The Leading Cause of Death

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Atherosclerosis: The Leading Cause of Death Atherosclerosis: Leading Cause of Death DEFINITION of Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis is a thickening and hardening of large and medium-sized muscular arteries, primarily due to involvement of tunica intima and is characterized by fibrofatty plaques or atheromas. The term atherosclerosis is derived from athero-(meaning porridge) referring to the soft lipid-rich material in the center of atheroma, and sclerosis (scarring) referring to connective the tissue in the plaques. Atherosclerosis is the commonest and the most important of the arterial diseases. Though any large and medium-sized the artery may be involved in atherosclerosis, the most commonly affected are the aorta, the coronaries, and the cerebral arterial systems. Therefore, the major clinical syndromes resulting from ischemia due to atherosclerosis are under: 1. Heart (angina and myocardial infarcts or heart attacks) 2. Brain (transient cerebral ischemia and cerebral infarcts or stro

Gerontology:Theories of Ageing & Causes-Research 2020

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Ageing - Gerontology: Theories of Ageing & causes-Research 2020 Gerontology meaning  - study of different aspects of ageing Gerontology: Ageing causes of ageing |  ageing population | ageing process Old age is a concept of longevity in human beings. The consequences of ageing appear after reproductive life when the evolutionary role of the individual has been accomplished. However, ageing is distinct from mortality and disease although aged individuals are more vulnerable to disease. With ageing, the mechanism of homeostasis is slow; hence the response to various stresses take longer to revert back to normal structure and function. The average age of death of the primitive man was barely 20-25 years. However, currently, the average life expectancy in the west is about 80 years. In India, due to improved health care, it has gone up from an average of 26 years at the time of independence in 1947 to 64 years at present. In general, survival is longer in women than men. About a century